HOUSTON - The FBI is taking bold steps to stop the making and distribution of child pornography.
The FBI is taking over websites and keeping them up and running so they can catch predators in the act.
The arrest of a respected pediatric cancer doctor not only stunned the medical community and his patients, it brought to light a relatively new investigative technique the FBI is using in some child pornography cases.
"As a citizen I was shocked," attorney Neal Davis said.
Davis is Dr. Dennis Hughes' defense attorney.
"This is the first time I've ever learned of the federal government running a child pornography website," Davis said.
The details of how FBI agents were led to Hughes' home came out during a detention hearing shortly after he was arrested. An FBI agent told the court a child pornography website was seized as part of a sprawling international investigation. But the website was not immediately shut down -- the FBI continued to run it for two months.
"When it was seized, it was operated by law enforcement," an FBI agent said. "During that time, investigators were monitoring the log-ons of users on that website."
The technique allows the FBI to catch those running the website and those using the website to share pictures of child pornography. Websites like this exist on something called the "dark web" -- private networks that typically deal in child porn, illegal drugs and pirated media and allow users to hide their identities.
In Hughes' case, federal agents also used a program that pierces the layer of anonymity.
"I just feel like it's too much big brother," Davis said. "I think they raise a host of legal issues, particularly about privacy rights."
Channel 2 legal analyst Brian Wice said this type of investigative tactic is allowed because the FBI never encouraged anyone to go to that website.
"It's not entrapment," Wice said. "Merely affording someone the opportunity to commit a crime is not entrapment."
Federal prosecutors have said catching users of child pornography websites is just as important as shutting down the websites because if those users are not caught, then they can keep sharing the pictures they've accumulated. The FBI had success with this technique in a similar case involving a child porn website in Nebraska.
Hughes is scheduled to go to trial in November.
Copyright 2015 by Click2Houston.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.