25 years on: A look at Europe's only post-WWII genocide

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BAFTA award-winning film director Samir Mehanovic, who came to the UK as an immigrant from the Bosnian war in 1995 and now lives in Scotland, lights candles to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the Srebrenica genocide, in Edinburgh, Scotland, Thursday July 9, 2020. In July 1995, Bosnian Serb forces massacred over 8,000 men and boys, an event that is officially marked on Saturday July 10, 2020. (Jane Barlow/PA via AP)

SREBRENICA – SREBRENICA, Bosnia-Bosnia on Saturday marks the 25th anniversary of the Srebrenica massacre, the country's worst carnage during the 1992-95 war and the only crime in Europe since World War II that has been declared a genocide.

The brutal execution of more than 8,000 Bosniak Muslim men and boys by Bosnian Serb troops is being commemorated in a series of events and the reburial of some of the victims' remains at a memorial site near the town.

Normally, thousands attend the ceremonies at Potocari, but the global pandemic has made it impossible this year — U.N. Secretary General Antonio Guterres will speak via a video message and many other foreign guests won't come.

Here is a look at what happened in Srebrenica:


Srebrenica is a small town in eastern Bosnia, tucked among green hills that surround the town on all sides. Before the war started, Srebrenica was an industrial hub with about 7,000 people in the town itself and thousands more scattered in the wider area.

Srebrenica's pre-war population was ethnically mixed, including both Bosniaks, who are mostly Muslim, and ethnic Serbs. The two ethnic groups lived peacefully during the era of Communist-run Yugoslavia. But this changed after the breakup of the federation.