MACAO – Chinese leader Xi Jinping met Thursday with Macao’s new chief executive amid celebrations of the 20th anniversary of the former Portuguese colony’s handover to Chinese rule.
City leaders put the tiny gambling enclave of just 632,000 people on a security lock down, including barring political activists and journalists from nearby Hong Kong, which has been wracked by months of often-violent anti-government protests.
Even without the heavy security, Xi would likely have seen little in the way of protests or calls for greater democracy or self-rule. Unlike Hong Kong, whose former British leaders nudged their colony gradually toward greater democratic freedoms, Macau’s small size, ineffectual rule by Lisbon and the overriding influence of the tycoons who control gambling and related businesses kept democratic expectations low.
And with the opening of the casino industry to new players and a massive influx of Chinese gamblers, Macao’s economy has boomed in the two decades since 1999. Organized crime groups who had battled each other on Macao’s streets and in its gambling halls have also been brought to heel, leading to a rise in tourism and a general sense among many that their fortunes have improved under Chinese rule.
That feeling of optimism is largely absent in Hong Kong, which reverted from British to Chinese rule in 1997 and where frustrations over a stagnant economy and astronomical housing prices helped fuel the protests that at times drew an estimated quarter of the population of 7.5 million people. Beijing’s refusal to respond to their demands, including direct elections for the chief executive and legislative council, has led to a 7-month standoff, with more protests expected for this weekend.
Both Macao and Hong Kong are run under a “one country, two systems” framework, which allows them to retain their own legal and economic systems, while Beijing exercises strict control over their political leadership. Macao also enacted national security legislation that has been stalled in Hong Kong by popular opposition.
Despite that, Xi told members of law enforcement Thursday that they needed to “increase awareness of nation ... and be highly vigilant."
The security forces must “resolutely guard against and crack down on any activities that endanger national security, challenge the power of the central government ... and use Macao to engage in infiltration into and sabotage against the mainland,” Xi said.
That partly echoes comments he made at the 20th anniversary of Hong Kong's handover in 2017, when he warned that Beijing would not tolerate the city being used to undermine Communist rule on the mainland. China has long claimed the protests this year were encouraged and supported by foreign forces, including the United States and Taiwan, as part of a campaign to impede China's development.
Along with meeting the incoming chief executive, Ho Iat Seng, Xi on Thursday visited a government services building and met with local residents and officials. On Friday, he will attend Ho's inauguration and a ceremony marking 20 years of Chinese rule.
In remarks at the airport upon his arrival Wednesday, Xi made what some considered a subtle comparison between Macao's outward stability and the tensions in Hong Kong.
"It is worthwhile to sum up the experience and characteristics of Macao in faithfully implementing ‘one country, two systems,’" Xi told an audience of journalists, officials and flower-waving children.
"We will join hands to draw the blueprint for Macao's future development," he said.