6 days until the election: Will we know who won on election night?

Voting.
Voting. (Element5 Digital from Pexels.)

Millions of Americans have already voted, but each state has different rules on when it’s allowed to actually start counting those ballots. That is going to produce results coming in at very different times -- perhaps days or even weeks after Election Day.

Processing early ballots

In some places, election officials can begin processing ballots weeks before Election Day. That means workers can start verifying voter information while also removing ballots from their envelopes to physically get them ready for tabulation. Doing so readies ballots for counting on Election Day and will speed up the release of results.

But it's not that simple.

In some of the most critical battleground states, laws prevent the early processing of ballots. So on Nov. 3, Election Day, officials will have to run an in-person election while also working through the unprecedented number of mail-in votes. This dynamic is likely to delay results and heighten the potential for big shifts if in-person vote tallies are upended by the counting of mail-in ballots.

Graphic shows when states may count advance votes and where mail-in ballots are accepted after Election Day

‘Illegitimate’ results

President Donald Trump has repeatedly warned of voting fraud without offering any evidence. Because of that, there has been some concern that he will use delays in vote-counting to declare results illegitimate. Regardless, while results might come in later than usual this year, that’s because of a change in how people are voting, not malfeasance or fraud.