Despite population increase, DC suspects a census undercount

FILE - In this Oct. 8, 2020, file photo with the Capitol in the background, two women toast in the air from afar while enjoying a warm fall afternoon as the sun begins to set on the National Mall in Washington. Officials in the nation's capital are questioning the results of the 2020 census, which show a large boost in population but not as high as they had expected. (AP Photo/Jacquelyn Martin, File)
FILE - In this Oct. 8, 2020, file photo with the Capitol in the background, two women toast in the air from afar while enjoying a warm fall afternoon as the sun begins to set on the National Mall in Washington. Officials in the nation's capital are questioning the results of the 2020 census, which show a large boost in population but not as high as they had expected. (AP Photo/Jacquelyn Martin, File) (Copyright 2020 The Associated Press. All rights reserved.)

WASHINGTON – Officials in the nation's capital are questioning the results of the 2020 census, which show a large boost in population but not as high as they had expected.

The city government and members of the D.C. Council are suggesting an undercount — something that plays into local sensitivities, as Washington, D.C., has long bristled under its quasi-territorial status and is in the midst of a resurgent push for statehood.

The results, released this week, show a 14.6% growth since 2010 — the seventh highest growth rate in the country. But it also concluded that the District of Columbia had just under 690,000 residents, while public officials believe they surpassed that number years ago.

The confusion comes from the Census Bureau itself, which releases annual population estimates. Based on those estimates, Mayor Muriel Bowser told Congress earlier this month that the District's population stood at 712,000. In 2018, Bowser even celebrated the birth of what was believed to be the 700,000th D.C. resident, and invited the newborn to her State of the District address.

“Either their estimates were off or the 2020 number is off, or they’re both off a little bit,” said Andrew Trueblood, director of D.C.’s planning department. “I would not be surprised if this was an undercount.”

There was no demographic breakdown of the population moving into the District. Trueblood said that's expected in late summer.

Before her 2020 election, D.C. Councilmember Christina Henderson worked as an aide to Senate Democratic leader Chuck Schumer, with a portfolio that included census-related issues.

Henderson told The Associated Press that she believed a variety of factors may have suppressed the local count. In addition to the COVID-19 pandemic that hung over the entire process, she said parts of Washington's Black community may have been leery of engaging with the government, while the city's fast-growing Hispanic community may have been similarly reluctant because of the anti-immigration rhetoric from former President Donald Trump's administration.