New US dietary guidelines: No candy, cake for kids under 2

FILE - In this Wednesday, Oct. 21, 2020 file photo, Valentina Frey of Switzerland breasts feed her daughter, Charlotte Katharina, in the Paul VI hall on the occasion of the weekly general audience at the Vatican. Pope Francis at the start of his audience mentioned her as an example of tenderness and beauty. Released on Tuesday, Dec. 29, 2020, the first U.S. government dietary guidelines for infants and toddlers recommend exclusive feeding of breast milk for at least six months and no added sugar for children under age 2. (AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia)
FILE - In this Wednesday, Oct. 21, 2020 file photo, Valentina Frey of Switzerland breasts feed her daughter, Charlotte Katharina, in the Paul VI hall on the occasion of the weekly general audience at the Vatican. Pope Francis at the start of his audience mentioned her as an example of tenderness and beauty. Released on Tuesday, Dec. 29, 2020, the first U.S. government dietary guidelines for infants and toddlers recommend exclusive feeding of breast milk for at least six months and no added sugar for children under age 2. (AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia) (Copyright 2020 The Associated Press. All rights reserved.)

Parents now have an extra reason to say no to candy, cake and ice cream for young children. The first U.S. government dietary guidelines for infants and toddlers, released Tuesday, recommend feeding only breast milk for at least six months and no added sugar for children under age 2.

“It’s never too early to start,” said Barbara Schneeman, a nutritionist at University of California, Davis. “You have to make every bite count in those early years.”

The guidelines stop short of two key recommendations from scientists advising the government. Those advisers said in July that everyone should limit their added sugar intake to less than 6% of calories and men should limit alcohol to one drink per day.

Instead, the guidelines stick with previous advice: limit added sugar to less than 10% of calories per day after age 2. And men should limit alcohol to no more than two drinks per day, twice as much as advised for women.

“I don’t think we’re finished with alcohol,” said Schneeman, who chaired a committee advising the government on the guidelines. “There’s more we need to learn.”

The dietary guidelines are issued every five years by the Agriculture Department and the Department of Health and Human Services. The government uses them to set standards for school lunches and other programs. Some highlights:

INFANTS, TODDLERS AND MOMS

Babies should have only breast milk at least until they reach 6 months, the guidelines say. If breast milk isn’t available, they should get iron-fortified infant formula during the first year. Babies should get supplemental vitamin D beginning soon after birth.