Chicago teachers begin strike

They want smaller class sizes, more staff, raises

By Holly Yan and Bill Kirkos, CNN
Scott Olson/Getty Images

(CNN) - Moselean Parker's 25 years of simmering frustration has boiled over.

"I don't have any reading books in my room! I don't have any science books in my room! ... We don't have computers in our classroom!" the elementary school teacher screamed.

Parker is one of 25,000 educators who went on strike across the city on Thursday, demanding what teachers across the country also have been clamoring for: smaller class sizes, more support staff and higher raises and more school funding.

But in Chicago, the dynamics are different -- and in some cases, dire.

About 75% of students qualify for free or reduced lunch. In some neighborhoods, gangs and violence permeate the streets.

"The violence is because the kids can't read," Parker said. She's spent her own money buying supplies for her classrooms, but says it's not enough.

"Please, give us the books. Give us the psychologists. Give us the social workers. Give us the nurses," she said.

School social worker Emily Penn fought back tears when describing how badly students need more support staff.

"Our students suffer from trauma. They suffer from so many things they need help coping with," Penn said.

Many child deaths are "by suicide and by guns. This is a fact in Chicago," she said.

The school district has offered hundreds more support staff and 16% raises for teachers -- an average of about $19,000.

But teachers say those concessions aren't enough. That means about 300,000 students now have no idea when they'll see their teachers again.

Chicago Mayor Lori Lightfoot said the city has already offered the most generous proposal in the union's history and called for an end to the strike.

"We need to get our kids back in school," the mayor said Thursday. "Every day we are out, that hurts our children."

What the teachers want

"Our students deserve smaller class sizes. They deserve nurses. They deserve social workers. They deserve bilingual educators," special education teacher Linda Perales said.

The union listed more than a dozen demands for the school district, including firm limits on class sizes, hiring more teachers' assistants and raises for all school employees.

Willie Cousins has worked as a teacher's assistant at Bond Elementary School for the past five years.

"In those five years, I have been working with a salary of less than $30,000 a year," he said.

"And to make ends meet, I've had to pick up an extra job at Walmart, Food 4 Less, it all depends because of my salary. But I have a family of four that I have to provide for."

He said the cost of living in Chicago makes it especially difficult to live on an educator's salary.

"We are required to live in the city. So how can I live off of that when skyrocketing rent is unbelievable?" he said. "Please, we deserve a fair wage in this city."

Then there's the lack of librarians, bilingual teachers and other support staff.

Nine of 10 majority-black schools have no teacher librarians, and there aren't enough teachers for English language learners in the district, which the union said is "nearly half Latinx," the union said.

Lori Torres is the mother of three children in Chicago Public Schools.

"My youngest son ... has never known what it is to have a librarian," she said.

CTU President Jesse Sharkey said a lack of support staff greatly impedes the students' ability to learn.

"Our schools don't have (librarians), and we're trying to teach kids to do well on reading tests," he said.

What the city and school district have offered

Chicago Public Schools has proposed a series of offers, including 16% raises for teachers, or an average of about $19,000.

"In five years, the average teacher will make about $100,000," CPS said in its proposed plan.

On Friday, Chicago's Board of Education released a 71-page counteroffer to the union's demands.

"We have tried to provide the best deal that's fiscally responsible -- that's fair to teacher and fair to taxpayers," Mayor Lightfoot said.

"It provides a 16% pay raise for all employees. It would lift up lowest-paid workers immediately. On average, support staff will see a 38% pay raise over the life of the (five-year) contract under the current offer."

The mayor said an additional $400,000 per year will be earmarked "toward a pipeline for nurses, counselors and case managers."

The offer also includes:

-- An additional $1 million to reduce class sizes in classrooms from grades 4 through 12

-- A "school community rep" at every school with a significant homeless population

-- Improved health insurance coverage for physical therapy and mental health services

What will happen to the kids?

The city's first priority is the safety of the district's students -- many of whom depend on the schools for breakfast and lunch, the mayor said.

"We want to make sure that their ability to get healthy food on a daily basis is not interrupted," Lightfoot said.

CPS Superintendent Dr. Janice Jackson said schools will be open during the strike and will provide "breakfast, lunch, and supper."

But school buses will not be running, and students are not required to go to school.

Still, the school district is encouraging families to send their children to school, where administrators and nonunion staff will be working.

Bill Kirkos reported from Chicago, and Holly Yan reported and wrote from Atlanta. CNN's Omar Jimenez, Brad Parks, Gianluca Mezzofiore, Sheena Jones and Amanda Watts contributed to this report.

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