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In push for normalcy, industries, nations test the waters

The outbreak of the coronavirus has dealt a shock to the global economy with unprecedented speed. Following are developments Tuesday related to the global economy, the work place and the spread of the virus.

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ARE WE THERE YET?: Decisions about when it's safe to reopen businesses have created fissures at the federal and state level, but that movement has already begun in dozens of states and across several industries.

— The owner of Outback Steakhouse and other national restaurant chains is opening the doors at hundreds of restaurants in multiple states Tuesday.

There are already 23 Outback Steakhouse restaurants open for dine-in service at limited capacity, and Bloomin’ Brands said 336 dining rooms will reopen Tuesday.

— Children's clothing company Carter's plans to reopen some of its stores later this week. Although the chain closed its retail stores because of the pandemic. Carter's has been selling apparel online and through retailers that have remained open, like Target and Walmart.

PERILOUS JOURNEYS: Even as major cruise and airlines prepare for some sort of return to mobility, the economic damage from the outbreak raises questions about what kind of travel industry will emerge.

— United Airlines is planning deep staffing cuts for pilots, managers and administrative staff in October after federal aid to help cover payroll costs runs out. The Chicago carrier warned its 12,250 pilots in a memo to prepare for “displacement” that affects 30% of them, or nearly 3,700 pilots. In a separate memo, United told employees it is planning at least a 30% cut in management and administrative staff, or 3,450 of them. Under terms of $5 billion in federal virus-relief aid, United can't lay off employees through September.

— Norwegian Cruise Line has “substantial doubt” that it will be able to continue as a going concern without new funding or terms of debt. The cruise operator said in a regulatory filing that it was in compliance with all debt covenants as of March 31, but that it might need additional amendments from lenders. There's no guarantee Norwegian will get the approval for the amendments, which could lead to an inability to continue operations.

— Virgin Atlantic is planning to cut 3,150 jobs and end its operations at London’s Gatwick Airport because of what it called the most devastating crisis since the company’s first flight 36 years ago.

The airline, which is in the process of applying for emergency loans from the British government, said job losses will be across the board. It’s also planning to reduce the size of its fleet.

SUPPLY & DEMAND: Meat packing plants are getting hit with COVID-19 at the same time that companies are wrestling with a logistical nightmare of supply. That is prompting some retailers to act ahead of potential shortages.

— Some grocers are limiting meat sales in an effort to head off shortages. Costco is temporarily limiting sales of beef, pork and poultry to three items per customer. Kroger — which also owns Ralphs and Harris Teeter markets — is limiting purchases of ground beef and fresh pork.

— The beef shortage has hit Wendy’s, according to financial services provider Stephens, which estimates that 18% of the chain’s U.S. locations have stopped selling their signature square burgers. The shortages are regional, and some states have stopped selling fresh beef in up to 30% of restaurants.

— Online furniture seller Wayfair is seeing a spike in sales as Americans, stuck at home, renovate living spaces. The company's revenue jumped 20% in the first quarter and it said demand continued to rise in April.

— Nordstrom says it will be permanently closing 16 of its full-scale department stores as it continues to feel the financial fallout from the pandemic. The Seattle-based retailer currently operates 378 stores including 116 full-scale department stores and 247 Nordstrom Rack stores.

CENTRAL GOVERNMENTS & BANKS: The seizing up of the global economy is distorting trade and smothering production.

— A survey of private economic analysts by Mexico’s central bank shows they expect the country’s economy to experience a whopping 14.1% contraction in the second quarter. On average, the 38 analysts surveyed expect a net drop in GDP of 7.27% for the year as a whole.

But remittances, Mexico’s largest source of income after manufacturing exports, actually rose in March, despite the tough economic conditions in the United States, where most Mexican migrants work. President Andrés Manuel López Obrador said the money sent home by migrants in March amounted to $4 billion, a 35% rise compared to February.

— The end of most economic activity during April’s strict lockdown drove unemployment in Spain to 3.8 million people, the highest figure in nearly four years.

— Hong Kong will begin relaxing some social distancing measures, allowing businesses such as gyms, movie theaters and beauty salons to reopen. Businesses must continue to observe social distancing measures, Hong Kong chief executive Carrie Lam said Tuesday.

— Several German states are setting out plans to reopen restaurants and hotels in the coming weeks. Governor Markus Soeder of Bavaria, the state with Germany’s highest per-capita coronavirus infection rate, said Tuesday that restaurants will be able to serve outdoors starting May 18th. Hotels can open May 30, but their saunas, swimming pools and other facilities will remain closed.

MARKETS:

— Stocks rallied worldwide on Tuesday as more countries relaxed restrictions on businesses, raising hopes for a recovery from the historic plunge sweeping the global economy.