World shares decline as record-breaking year winds down
TOKYO – Stocks slipped globally in quiet New Year's Eve trading Tuesday with many markets closed. Wall Street could close 2019 with back-to-back daily losses in a year that the U.S. posted the largest market gains since 2013.
Britain's FTSE 100 slipped 0.4% to 7,553 in midday trading, while the CAC 40 in Paris shed 0.1% to 5,977. Germany's markets were closed. Wall Street appeared headed for a slightly lower open on light trading.
The Shanghai Composite index gained 0.3% to 3,050.12, reversing earlier losses, after the government released a monthly survey showing Chinese manufacturing held steady in December. But elsewhere in Asia, Hong Kong's Hang Seng index lost 0.5% to 28,189.75, while in Australia, the S&P ASX 200 declined 1.7% to 6,647.70. The Shanghai Composite index gained 0.3% to 3,047.54. India's Sensex shed 0.2% to 41,463.61. Shares also fell in Taiwan and New Zealand and were flat in Singapore.
Many markets, including those in Tokyo and Seoul, have already ended trading for 2019. Markets will be closed on Wednesday.
Strong manufacturing data from China appeared not to do much to counter the prevailing selling sentiment. The official purchasing manager's index for December held steady at 50.2, even with the month before, and the second straight month of expansion on the scale where below 50 indicates a contraction.
In U.S. trading, the benchmark S&P 500 has risen five straight weeks, notching multiple all-time highs along the way. It’s on track to end December with its fourth consecutive monthly gain.
Technology, communication services and health care stocks accounted for much of the selling Monday. Retailers and other companies that rely on consumer spending also fell.
Homebuilders fell after a report on pending U.S. home sales in November came in below analysts' expectations. Shares in utilities and real estate sector companies fared the best, ending with only tiny losses, as investors shifted assets to high-dividend stocks and other bond proxies.
“There could be a few big institutions out there that are taking some profits,” said Randy Frederick, vice president of trading & derivatives at Charles Schwab. “Big players can have a bigger influence on the market when the volumes are low.”
The S&P 500 dropped 0.6% to 3,221.29. The Dow Jones Industrial Average fell 0.6% to 28,462.14. The Nasdaq composite lost 0.7%, to 8,945.99, while the Russell 2000 index of smaller company stocks slid 0.3%, to 1,664.15.
Bond prices fell. The yield on the 10-year Treasury note rose to 1.89% from 1.87% late Friday.
Despite the downbeat start to the holiday shortened week, the S&P 500 is on pace to finish the year 28.5% higher, which would make it the strongest annual gain for the market since 2013.
A truce in the 17-month U.S.-China trade war and positive signs for the economy have helped keep investors in a buying mood. Fears about a possible recession have also faded since the summer after the Federal Reserve cut interest rates three times. The central bank appears set to keep them low for the near future.
Still, as the market prepares to close out a strong year of gains, uncertainty remains over the final details of a “Phase 1” trade deal between Washington and Beijing, which U.S. officials say will be signed in early January. Details of the agreement have not been disclosed, and it's unclear how much impact it will have if the two sides are unable to resolve their remaining differences.
A couple of potentially market-moving economic reports are scheduled for release this week.
Investors will get to mull over new data on U.S. consumer confidence and home prices Tuesday, and the latest snapshot of manufacturing on Friday. Meanwhile, the minutes of the Federal Reserve’s latest interest rate policy meeting are also due out on Friday.
Frederick said the latest data on manufacturing is probably the one that investors should pay attention to the most.
“While (manufacturing) only represents about 12% of the economy, it tends to be much more of a leading indicator versus the services sector,” he said. “And it’s been one of the things that’s been causing those out there who think we still might be seeing a recession at some point soon to worry.”
Benchmark U.S. crude oil lost 69 cents to $60.99 per barrel in electronic trading on the New York Mercantile Exchange. Brent crude, the international standard, gave up 70 cents to $65.97 per barrel.
The dollar fell to 108.53 Japanese yen from 108.89 yen on Monday. The euro rose to $1.1231.
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