Arthur is expected to bring storm surges of up to 7 feet, as well as large, damaging waves, high winds and dangerous rip currents that authorities warned could sweep even the strongest swimmers out to sea.

Hurricane warnings were up for most of the state's coastline. Parts of Massachusetts, South Carolina and Virginia were under tropical storm warnings. The National Hurricane Center said the storm was moving to the north-northeast.

A tornado watch was in effect for 10 counties of North Carolina.

McCrory declared a state of emergency for 23 eastern counties. As of Thursday evening, at least 7,200 customers of two of the largest power companies in the Wilmington area were without power.

Up the coast in Hyde County, authorities instituted a 12-hour curfew beginning at 8 p.m. ET.

Earlier in the day, authorities issued a mandatory evacuation order for Hatteras Island and a voluntary evacuation order for Ocracoke Island, both in North Carolina's Outer Banks.

Some of those residents headed north to Kill Devil Hills and other communities and found a hotel room to wait out the storm.

Holiday impact

The storm interrupted some holiday plans, including a decision by the town of Surf City, North Carolina, to scrap its planned Thursday night Fourth of July show.

The city's website said the storm's fury is likely to be short-lived and encouraged visitors to keep their beach vacation plans: "Surf City is very much open for business."

But vacationers should not take the warm welcome as an all clear. To avoid tragedy, they should stay on land.

The storm is expected to spawn deadly rip currents: rapid flows of water from the shore back out to the ocean that can pull people to sea and exhaust even the strongest swimmers.

Tropical cyclones killed six people in 2009, the National Weather Service said. All drowned in large waves or rip currents.

Despite the warnings, a handful of families frolicked in the surf Thursday in Atlantic Beach, North Carolina.

Among them was Derek Cornwall's family, who arrived for vacation in the resort town late Wednesday.

"We were banking on a couple of hours today before the storm moves in," he said.

His daughter, Hannah, was taking full advantage, playing in the waves despite being "a little nervous" about the storm.

"But I'm actually kind of excited because I've never been in a severe storm," she said. "It's kind of on my bucket list."

Robin Banning, her children and a friend planned to ride out the storm at a Walmart parking lot in Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina. They had relocated there from an RV campsite closer to where the storm is expected to hit, but didn't want to go home to Virginia.

"I lived through Bertha," she said, referring to the 2008 hurricane that killed three people. "This is good. It's just rain."

Keeping the Boston Pops dry

Despite the risks farther south, the storm shouldn't force a total washout of East Coast Independence Day celebrations.

With rain forecast for parts of New England on Friday, the annual Fourth of July Boston Pops concert was moved to Thursday.

If it rains then, the fireworks part of the show can start, but the concert may have to go, event organizer Rich MacDonald told CNN affiliate WCVB. "It affects the instruments, and these instruments are valuable and old."

In the nation's capital, the weather looks cheerier for the holiday.

The slight chance of rain during the day Friday will vanish by night, leaving clear skies for the rockets' red glare of fireworks over the National Mall.

However, Thursday's rehearsal was closed to the public because of storms.