Surgical approaches to the treatment of varicose veins include:

  • vein stripping
    This procedure involves tying off all varicose veins associated with the leg's main superficial vein and removing it from the leg. The removal of veins from the leg will not affect the blood circulation in the leg as deeper veins will be able to take care of the increased blood circulation.
  • small incision avulsion
    This procedure involves passing hooks through small incisions, and may be done alone or together with vein stripping.
  • transilluminated powered phlebectomy
    This vein removal procedure makes use of a bright light to illuminate the vein. A device is passed through a tiny incision and removes the vein with suction.

Preventing varicose veins:

Steps to prevent varicose veins include maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, and elevating the feet while sitting. Avoid clothing that constricts your waist, groin, or legs, shoes with high heels, and crossing the legs while sitting. While these measures may help prevent varicose veins in some people, they may only slow the onset of the condition in individuals who are susceptible.

Source: http://resources.purematters.com/healthy-body/varicose-veins